All the way back to 5500 BC, Egypt is the country that was once ruled by the occult pharaohs. This country later turned into a significant outpost for the empires of the Romans and the Greeks. As the site of one of the oldest civilizations in the entire world, Egypt is a fantastic tourist destination for archaeological buffs. With many ruins and landmarks that accentuate the importance of Egypt’s rich history, the whole country is blessed with the backdrop of the Sahara desert and the flowing river, Nile. There are several fascinating places to visit in Egypt for you to explore.
Best time to visit Egypt – Weather-wise (Between October and April); Peak tourist season (December and January)
Amazing Places to visit in Egypt
1. Pyramids of Giza
One of the ‘Seven Wonders of the Ancient World’, the most beautiful and ever famous Pyramids of Giza are three in number. Situated on the Giza Plateau, they have the tombs of ancient pharaohs. The only Wonder to have stayed intact over many years, the Pyramids of Giza are truly a spectacle to witness. Also known as the Pyramid of Khufu, the Great Pyramid has a height of about 138 metres. It can be accessed by tourists through the Robber’s Tunnel. The famous Sphinx structure made of limestone is also part of the complex where the Pyramids are located. A true jewel is Egypt’s tourist attraction of the Pyramids of Giza.
- Address – Al Haram, Nazlet El-Samman, Al Haram, Giza Governorate, Egypt
- Timings – 8:00 AM – 5:00 PM
- Entry charges – INR 700, inclusive of all three pyramids and the Solar Boat Museum
2. Valley of Kings, Luxor
The site of the ancient city, Thebes, Luxor is situated on the eastern bank of the river Nile. One of the most famous places to visit in Egypt, it is known to be the world’s largest open-air museum. This place is widely known for the Valley of Kings that is home to several rock-cut tombs of the ancient pharaohs. Popular kings such as Amenhotep and Tutankhamun were buried here. About 63 tombs have been excavated, however, only a few of them are open and accessible to tourists. Considered as one of the most haunted places to see in Egypt, Tutankhamun’s Tomb, known as KV62, is a sight you must not miss if you wish to challenge your inner daredevil. The Valley of Kings is one of the most exciting places to visit in Egypt.
- Address – Luxor, New Valley Governorate, Egypt
- Timings – 6:00 AM – 5:00 PM (in summers(; 6:00 AM – 4:00 PM (in winters)
- Entry charges – INR 380 for three tombs of your choice; INR 760 for KV62
3. Citadel of Saladin
- Address – Al Abageyah, Qesm Al Khalifah, Cairo Governorate, Egypt
- Timings – 9:00 AM – 4:00 PM
- Entry charges – INR 384
Declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, the Citadel of Saladin is a sight you must see in Egypt. To protect Cairo, which was the first Egyptian capital during the rule of the Caliphate against Crusaders, the Citadel was built by the well-known Ayyubid ruler, Saladin. It is a massive fortification that is flanked by many watchtowers. It has several pretty houses, splendid mosques, and the Well of Joseph within its structure. The most famous Egypt tourist attractions here are the three museums, Al-Naseer, Sulayman Pasha, and the Al Gawhara Palace Museum. As one of the best places to visit in Egypt, you must witness the great Citadel of Saladin.
4. Islamic Cairo
Abundant in medieval mosques, madrassas, and monuments, Islamic Cairo is a fabulous district in the capital city of Egypt. A reflection of the Islamic heritage and tradition can be seen at the Mosque-Madrassa of Sultan Hassan. If you deeply explore the walled district of Islamic Cairo, you will also come across workshops and artisan families that have lived in Egypt for a very long time. The Khan al-Khalili market is a famous attraction here as it is considered to be the heart of this region. With its authenticity and charm, Islamic Cairo is one of the most famous places to visit in Egypt.
- Address – El-Darb El-Ahmar, Cairo Governorate, Egypt
- Timings – 9:00 AM – 6:00 PM
- Entry charges – Nil
A place of great strategic importance, Aswan is a place you must see in Egypt. Earlier it was a garrison town for military campaigns against Nubia. Granite was provided by the quarries to make many sculptures and obelisks. Today, it is famed for the mesmerizing views of the river Nile and the desert dunes. The Lake Nasser is another highlight of Aswan. Black-granite boulders on islands dotted with palm trees add to the beauty of this place. Some of the best things to see in Egypt after rigorous travelling and viewing, The Elephantine Islands and the colourful Nubian villages brighten the charm of your laid-back time. Aswan is the promise of some unmatched relaxation time and undisturbed tranquillity. The village, Gharb Seheyl and Seheyl Island have many guesthouses that are perfect for taking a break after exhausting yourself.
- Address – Aswan Governorate, Egypt
6. Egyptian Museum
To the question – ‘What to see in Egypt’, our recommendation would be the Egyptian Museum. Many ancient cities of Egypt have been excavated a long time ago. These excavations have revealed many temples, tombs, and palaces that date back to several thousand years before. Egyptians were known for the tradition of burying their dead with books, gold, golden artefacts, and the like. The Pyramids and the Egyptian Museum together give us the complete story of these excavations. Individually, they present us with only half of the actual history. The excavation from the tomb of Tutankhamun can also be explained to you here. As the biggest Egypt collection in the world, the Egyptian Museum is one of the best places to visit in Egypt.
- Address – Tahrir Square Road, Tahrir Square, Egypt
- Timings – 9:00 AM – 5:00 PM
- Entry charges – INR 460
Another open-air museum and another one of the most fascinating places to visit in Egypt, the city of Abydos is a must visit. A worldly cemetery where the very first pharaohs were buried was called ‘The Mother of Pots’, also known as ‘Umm el-Qa’ab’. ‘Abydos’ has that name because several shards of pots that were scattered to honour kings were found in the excavations. This place was where the temple of Seti I was found. It has the popular hieroglyphic inscription called the ‘Abydos List’. The Abydos Temple and Seti Temple are places you must visit while you are in Egypt.
- Address – Qesm Al Wahat Al Khargah, New Valley Governorate, Egypt
- Timings – 6:00 AM – 5:00 PM
- Entry charges – Abydos Temple: INR 140; Seti Temple: INR 230
8. White Desert
One of the most unreal experiences you will have while you are in Egypt will be when you witness the natural marvel that the White Desert is. Truly surreal in its aura, the sight of the formations of chalk is very beguiling which vary between the colours of pure white and cream. You will also be awe-struck by the view encompassing the dunes of the Great Sand Sea and the cliffs of the Farafra Depression. There is also a national park in the vicinity that is home to Rhim and Dorcas gazelle, the last of which have survived here. As one of the most spectacular places to visit in Egypt, it eagerly beckons you for a visit.
- Address – Farafra, New Valley Governorate, Egypt
Must Read: Best Places to visit in Jaisalmer
One of the most famous cities in the world, Alexandria was once home to the world’s biggest library. It was also the jewelled outpost for the Greco-Roman empires. Today, only a little of the ruins of the past remains to be witnessed. One of the cleanest places to visit in Egypt is Alexandria. Tucked away from the dust and chaos of other cities of Egypt, it calls for a special visit. One of Egypt’s tourist attraction highlights is the Pompey Pillar Square which is a fantastic place to hang out and spend some leisure time at. The streets are dotted with fancy cafés that have cuisines which are different from the cuisine found in other parts of Egypt. Truly a charming city, Alexandria has the heart of many travellers.
Address – Alexandria Governorate, Egypt
10. Ras Muhammad National Park
One of the most popular national parks in Egypt, Ras Muhammad National Park is nature in its best form. This park is also considered as one of the most famous diving sites in the world. Situated amidst vibrant coral reefs and mangroves of the Red Sea, this national park is the true definition of beauty. The inland desert of Sinai also surrounds this park. It has clear waters that readily enable divers and snorkelling lovers to spot the beautiful corals. You can also go boating deeper into the sea to spot some dolphins, including Risso’s Dolphin. Abundant in lovely marine life, Ras Muhammad National Park is also home to several thousands of White Storks.
- Address – Sinai, Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt
- Timings – 7:00 AM – 4:00 PM
- Entry charges – INR 350
Suggested Read: Top 10 National Parks in India
11. Rock Temples of Abu Simbel
Situated on the Western banks of the Lake Nasser, the Rock Temples of Abu Simbel are some of the most exciting places to visit in Egypt. The twin temples of Ramesses II and his queen Nefertari have been carved into the mountains here. The magnificent image made by the rock impressions – the king and queen sitting on their thrones and looking at the majesty of the Egyptian mountains, is the kind that cannot be missed. The temples were relocated due to the rising levels of the lake’s waters in the 60s. Recent times see hundreds of visitors every day. One of the finest places in Egypt, the Rock Temples of Abu Simbel are sure to leave you mesmerized with their charm.
- Address – Abu Simbel, Nubia, Aswan Governorate, Egypt
- Timings – 5:00 AM – 6:00 PM
- Entry charges – INR 615
12. Bahariya Oasis
An oasis that was recognized in 1996, Bahariya Oasis was found when an expansive burial site with over thirty tombs was discovered in this area. This burial site contained about 250 ‘Golden Mummies’ that date back to different points of time in history. In addition to being a burial site for mummies, Bahariya is also an important agricultural centre for Egypt. Extremely popular for its production of wine to this day, it is one of the greatest places to visit in Egypt. A highlight near the Bahariya Oasis is the Crystal Mountain which is sure to fascinate you with its queer geological structure.
- Address – El-Wahat el-Bahariya, Western Desert, Giza Governorate, Egypt
13. Karnak Temple Complex
‘Karnak’ comes from the Arabic word ‘Khurnak’ that means ‘fortified village’. The Karnak Temple Complex has many decayed temples, chapels, pylons, and other such structures. The area around Karnak used to be the main place of worship of the eighteenth dynasty, Theban Triad, which had God Amun as its head. Even Agatha Christie’s ‘Death on the Nile’ has scenes that take place in the vicinity of the temple complex. The sandstone for this temple’s construction, including all columns, was brought in from Gebel Silsila which lies 100 miles south of the river Nile.
- Address – El-Karnak, Luxor, Luxor Governorate, Egypt
- Timings – 6:00 AM – 5:30 PM
You are sure to be left marvelling over these most exciting places to visit in Egypt. Do not delay! Head to Egypt for some of the most fascinating days of your life!