Pompeii was once a prosperous and important town under the Roman empire. It is now famous as a city ruined by the volcanic eruptions from Mt. Vesuvius in 79 CE. Due to this, large parts of the city give you a glimpse in to the lives of the Romans during this period.
During the summer, you could also hike up to the Mt. Vesuvius to see the caldera and also enjoy a beautiful view of the bay of Naples.
Some of the attractions in Pompeii include the amphitheatre which could seat up to 20,000 people and is the one of the best preserved amphitheatres anywhere, the Forum which was the centre of public life and the Temple of Apollo.
Pompeii is easily accessible from Naples.
The south west coast of Italy is a UNESCO World Heritage Site for its iconic medieval cliff-side Mediterranean fishing villages.
As you go down the Amalfi Coast, you have beautiful views of the sea on one side and lush lemon tree gardens on the hills. Although, an expensive destination, places like Amalfi, Ravello, etc have a lot to offer in terms of sights and beauty on your holiday in Italy.
You can reach the Amalfi coast by boat from Naples.
Cinque Terre, Five Lands, is a collection of five villages on the Italian Riviera. This region is very popular with the tourists on their Italy holiday package largely because it has seen no real “corporate development”.
These villages, over the years, have built their houses on the large cliffs overlooking the sea. These houses brightly coloured and perched up on the cliffs add to the charm of the landscape of the region.
The closest airports are Pisa or Genoa, you could also get here on a train from Milan.
Orvieto is a town in the Umbria region are a great way to explore Italy was like in the medieval period.
Orvieto stands on a large volcanic hill and was built by the Etruscans to be impregnable. Be sure to the visit the cathedral here with its gorgeous Gothic architecture and stained glass windows. Orvieto also has a labyrinth of caves which are fun to explore.
You can get to Orvieto from Rome, it is a 2-hour bus ride.
Assisi is another medieval town in the Umbria region. Apart from being historically important, it has a religious importance too, being the birthplace of St. Francis.
The star attraction of Assisi is, of course, the basilica of St. Francis. But apart from all the cathedrals and the historic monuments, keep aside sufficient time to just walk around to explore the houses and shops of Assisi.
You can get to Assisi from Florence or Rome.